Book of Romans
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A new subsection in the Epistle; connection with what comes before and after; the function of the state; analysis of the chapter.
Theology based on accurate exposition; what is meant by 'the higher powers'; reasons for being subject; fearing God and honouring the king.
Christianity does not cancel the natural order; the world not abandoned by God; Pridham on Romans; negative and positive roles of government.
The Christian's relationship to the state; two extreme views; limits on liberty; the citizen's rights; no form of government to be idolised; capital punishment.
The sword; pacifism; war and revolution; just wars; conscientious objectors; rebellions must be justified.
Church and state; ecumenism; church and state under Christ's authority; Constantine; Roman Catholic teaching; Wycliffe; the Reformation; Erastianism; Luther; the Church of England; religious toleration.
Church and state essentially different; common grace; the differences explained; value of history; Luther; Zwingli; Calvin; Belgic Confession on magistrates; Puritans; Presbyterians; Westminster Confession on magistrates; Melville; two kings; two kingdoms.
Pilgrim Fathers and American colonists; Separatists; Cromwell; the 'Free Church idea'; Roger Williams; the Commonwealth; democracy; the Ejection of 1662; established churches.
Church-state relations unknown in New Testament; Old Testament appealed to; Israel's position unique; Christ's kingdom not of this world; confusing the world and the Church.
Summary of teaching; lesson of history; traditionalism; the state cannot Christianise society; parable of the leaven misunderstood; no gradual advance; except in the Church.