Book of Romans
Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones’s sermons on the book of Romans were preached to the congregation at Westminster Chapel in the heart of central London on Friday evenings between October 1955 to March 1968. These sermons were preached from the beginning of October until the end of May each year, with breaks being taken for Christmas and Easter. Dr Lloyd-Jones began his ministry at Westminster Chapel in 1938, and his ministry there lasted for thirty years until his retirement in 1968. As such, his Romans series came at the end of his preaching career. Spanning 366 sermons over twelve years, his series on the book of Romans is the longest expositional series Dr Lloyd-Jones ever did.
Dr Lloyd-Jones regarded the book of Romans as the ‘first in importance’ among the New Testament epistles. Indeed, it is likely that Dr Lloyd-Jones saw his exposition of the book of Romans as his most important work, as evidenced by the fact that he chose his Romans sermons as the first of his many sermons to be published following his retirement. His official biographer Iain Murray writes;
Many hundreds of unrevised manuscript copies of sermons thus existed by 1968, of which, for reasons already noted, comparatively few had appeared in print. He did not hesitate in choosing to put his Romans sermons first for publication in book form, to be followed by those on Ephesians.
Dr Lloyd-Jones’s hope for these sermons on the book of Romans was that they will ‘not only help Christian people to understand more clearly the great doctrines of our Faith, but that they will also fill them with a joy “unspeakable and full of glory” and bring them into a condition in which they will be “Lost in wonder, love, and praise”’.
Page 1 of 4
The context of chapter 10; analysis of the chapter; reasons for returning to justification by faith; Paul's love for the Jews; prayer and evangelism; election and the open offer.
Are you zealous for God? If so, is your zeal a true or false sense of zeal? Paul points out that the church does have a zeal for God, but that it is not based on knowledge. Romans 10:1-2 leads Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones to outline the differences between true and false zeal in the Christian life. First, he outlines several tests that you can apply to a person’s zeal to determine if it is a false sense of zeal. A few of these arguments include: a zeal that has been imposed rather than genuine, a focus on actions rather than just being yourself, a likeness to frivolity and fleshliness, and a focus on self and using one’s own power rather than the Lords. On the other hand, a few arguments for true zeal include a zeal that is put on by yourself, a result of true knowledge, not showy but consisting of depth, and a result of genuine behavior. At the end, Dr. Lloyd-Jones charges believers to ensure they have true zeal for the sake of those who are lost. If you have heard the Gospel and know the truth, why would you not be zealous and concerned for those who have not heard?
What was the main trouble with the Jews that Paul is speaking about in Romans 10:3? It is that they did not have a complete and full knowledge of the truth of God? Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones says that a precise knowledge of the truth is essential to salvation and Paul is praying and longing for the Jews’ salvation because they lack this knowledge. The Jews may have been nice people and they have been very zealous, but this cannot be mistaken for true Christian faith. Truth cannot be based in subjective terms, because the Gospel is truly objective. The Pharisees had misinterpreted the Old Testament teaching about the righteousness of God and the righteousness that he demands. This was ignorant on their part. Ignorance means that there is not full knowledge, and the Jews were ignorant of the full knowledge of God! This stood in between them and their salvation. Dr. Lloyd-Jones urges the listener to have a precise knowledge because ignorant knowledge is the enemy. Without true knowledge, you will be lost, damned, and outside the kingdom of God.
Ignorance of the futility of trying to make oneself righteous and of God's way of salvation; four facts about God's salvation; the response it calls for.
Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones says that Romans 10:4 is the charter for all Christians and that it sets us free. In this verse, Paul proclaims that Christ is the fulfillment of the Law for righteousness. What does he mean by this? The Law was not temporary, it is eternal, so God is not doing away with the Law but rather upholding the Law. It is an expression of God’s holy character and what he expects of the human race. So how is Christ the end of the Law? Christ has fulfilled the Law and has done this for all who receive him. He came into the world as a God-man born under the law, living a life of perfect obedience to the Law, and died to satisfy the punishment of the Law. We know that the fulfillment is true because then God raised him from the dead! No one else was able to do this. Christ is the end of the Law for all who believe. The moment a Christian believes in Christ, all that Christ has done for them becomes true of them since they have been united with Christ.
The Jews have continued to believe that their actions, mainly their dedication to keeping the Law, is what justifies them. The Jews have misunderstood the Law and its purpose. Because of this, Paul is laying to rest this foolish thinking once again. In Romans 10:5, Paul is essentially saying that even Moses said that those who attempt to live by their actions will also be judged by their actions. Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones points out that the Jews were ignorant of God’s righteousness, ignorant of their own abilities, and thus have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God. Paul continues to emphasize the doctrine of justification by faith only. There is not one thing in the process of salvation that has to do with us, it is entirely a matter of God’s free sovereign choice. If the Jews want to live by their actions to the Law, then Paul says they must keep the whole Law! You are not able to only keep certain laws. If even one law is broken, you have failed completely! Dr. Lloyd-Jones reminds us that no one wants to live under that kind of rule and reign. Therefore, we should be thankful of the Lord’s work in us, breaking us free from the Law!
The preacher of the Law; the preacher of faith; Paul's purpose in quoting Moses; the availability of salvation; its certainty; the clear revelation; its simplicity; ways of refusing it; a call to believe.
Paul has finally laid the theory of salvation through the Law to rest. Salvation is through faith alone, and Paul tells the church in Romans 10:9-10 that they must first declare, “Jesus is Lord” in order to be saved. This is one of the great statements of the Christian Gospel. The only way to be righteous before God is to believe God and his Word by faith. Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones says that we must first consider the content of this saving faith. Salvation is all about Jesus and the fact that he is Lord. Christ is the firstborn of all creation and it is through him that all was created. It is also through God that all of the cosmos will be restored once again. The second point is that God raised Christ from the dead. Without being completely clear of those two points, there is no salvation.
The priority of doctrine; the truth of the incarnation; the virgin birth; the lordship of Christ seen in the Gospels; the truth about Jesus; the physical resurrection; its importance.
The resurrection shows the meaning of Christ's death; an apparent contradiction resolved; the unity of Biblical doctrine; the resurrection shows that our justification has been achieved.