Book of Romans
Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones’s sermons on the book of Romans were preached to the congregation at Westminster Chapel in the heart of central London on Friday evenings between October 1955 to March 1968. These sermons were preached from the beginning of October until the end of May each year, with breaks being taken for Christmas and Easter. Dr Lloyd-Jones began his ministry at Westminster Chapel in 1938, and his ministry there lasted for thirty years until his retirement in 1968. As such, his Romans series came at the end of his preaching career. Spanning 366 sermons over twelve years, his series on the book of Romans is the longest expositional series Dr Lloyd-Jones ever did.
Dr Lloyd-Jones regarded the book of Romans as the ‘first in importance’ among the New Testament epistles. Indeed, it is likely that Dr Lloyd-Jones saw his exposition of the book of Romans as his most important work, as evidenced by the fact that he chose his Romans sermons as the first of his many sermons to be published following his retirement. His official biographer Iain Murray writes;
Many hundreds of unrevised manuscript copies of sermons thus existed by 1968, of which, for reasons already noted, comparatively few had appeared in print. He did not hesitate in choosing to put his Romans sermons first for publication in book form, to be followed by those on Ephesians.
Dr Lloyd-Jones’s hope for these sermons on the book of Romans was that they will ‘not only help Christian people to understand more clearly the great doctrines of our Faith, but that they will also fill them with a joy “unspeakable and full of glory” and bring them into a condition in which they will be “Lost in wonder, love, and praise”’.
Page 1 of 3
A new subsection in the Epistle; connection with what comes before and after; the function of the state; analysis of the chapter.
Theology based on accurate exposition; what is meant by 'the higher powers'; reasons for being subject; fearing God and honouring the king.
Christianity does not cancel the natural order; the world not abandoned by God; Pridham on Romans; negative and positive roles of government.
The Christian's relationship to the state; two extreme views; limits on liberty; the citizen's rights; no form of government to be idolised; capital punishment.
The sword; pacifism; war and revolution; just wars; conscientious objectors; rebellions must be justified.
Church and state; ecumenism; church and state under Christ's authority; Constantine; Roman Catholic teaching; Wycliffe; the Reformation; Erastianism; Luther; the Church of England; religious toleration.
Church and state essentially different; common grace; the differences explained; value of history; Luther; Zwingli; Calvin; Belgic Confession on magistrates; Puritans; Presbyterians; Westminster Confession on magistrates; Melville; two kings; two kingdoms.
Pilgrim Fathers and American colonists; Separatists; Cromwell; the 'Free Church idea'; Roger Williams; the Commonwealth; democracy; the Ejection of 1662; established churches.
Church-state relations unknown in New Testament; Old Testament appealed to; Israel's position unique; Christ's kingdom not of this world; confusing the world and the Church.
Summary of teaching; lesson of history; traditionalism; the state cannot Christianise society; parable of the leaven misunderstood; no gradual advance; except in the Church.