Book of Romans
Page 1 of 2
Introductory analysis; chapter 6 a parenthesis; the problem of antinomianism stated; the 'danger' of the doctrine of justification by faith; correct translation of verse 2.
Realising our position; various interpretations of the key phrase considered; death to the reign of sin; the impossibility of continuing in sin.
Have you ever been confused or overwhelmed with the different views that surround baptism? Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones breaks down several thoughts or viewpoints concerning baptism including that Catholic and Protestant view. In addition, he also discusses several views within each belief. In Romans 6:3, it almost seems like Paul is stating that our baptism into Christ is baptism in His death like it is common knowledge. Dr. Lloyd-Jones warns that if you are stumbling over specifics in the varying viewpoints, that you could potential miss the glories that baptism represents. The most glorious aspect of baptism is that, as Christians, we are in Christ and He is in us. We were once in Adam and dead because of sin, but our union with Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection is shown through baptism. This means that our final salvation is guaranteed! So whatever viewpoint you hold, we must always acknowledge that we are very literally united with Christ and baptism shows our united nature with Him.
Does your battle against sin feel hopeless? Will we ever conquer this war against our flesh? As Christians, we have died, we have been buried, and we have been crucified with Christ. But yet we still sin! Paul has explained that all Christians were previously under the wrath, rule, and reign of sin. However, just as we were related and joined with Adam, so now we are related and joined with Christ who died on the cross. Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones emphasizes that this has happened, without question! It is the first step in justification. In addition to being joined in Christ’s death, we have been buried with Christ as well. Burial is always the final proof of death. This means that we are truly done with our past way of life and sin. Finally, we join Christ in His resurrection. Christ could not be held by the power of death and the glory and power of God raised him from the dead. That same glory and power raised us as well! Because of this, Lloyd-Jones urges us to walk in this newness of life. Rejoice in the fact that we are joined with Christ and walk with Him in our new life!
What does it mean when Christians say to “put off the old man”? Sometimes, Christians can get carried away with the notion of the “old self,” saying we need the old self to die, to be crucified, to try to get rid of, etc. However, Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones says that the old man is indeed gone and has died with Christ! Paul says that because we are united with Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection, any old man that was under the reign of sin has also died. Although we were not physically with Christ during those acts, we were spiritually with Him. Even now, we are spiritually with Christ and growing. So are you living like that is true? Instead of saying that the old man needs to die, the Doctor explains that we need to be working to shed old characteristics of sin. We should no longer live like the old man, because he has already died! This is not something that will happen, or should happen, Paul guarantees that it has already been done and we are no longer slaves to sin!
If our old self has died to sin, then why do we still struggle with sin? In the previous passage, Paul confirmed that the old man we were in Adam was crucified with Christ. In this passage, Paul specifically uses the term “the body of sin,” which means the body as we live in today. Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones speaks at length to distinguish between the “old man” and the “body of sin” that Paul is referring to. As a Christian, your old self is dead, but your mortal body has not yet been delivered from the effects of sin and the fall. Sin still has a rule on our body and so we should be longing for the redemption of our bodies, which will come! Paul warns that it is because of this exact purpose that we should no longer be living in sin and letting the members of our body be instruments of sin! Why would we act like the man who has already died? A day is soon coming when our bodies will be glorified, just as Christ’s body was glorified when he ascended into Heaven. Let us continue to fight the sin that tempts our carnal bodies and long for the day when we will be free from the effects of sin.
We have often heard the phrase “don't be a baby” said in everyday language, but what does that imply? We do not mean that they should put aside their childish ways, we mean that they are no longer a child so they should act like an adult. Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones expands on his previous sermon by highlighting the same emphasis that Paul writes in Romans 6:7. Once again, Paul is confirming that our old self has died with Christ and so we have been set free from sin! We are no longer under the reign of sin so we should live our life in accordance to this truth. Those who are in Christ are justified from the guilt of sin. Paul is once again proving the assurance of our salvation. While our mortal bodies may still be tempted of sin, Christ’s Holy Spirit dwells within and so we are no longer under the rule of sin. In the final day, when Christ calls the believers home to Heaven, our mortal bodies will then be free of all temptation. The Doctor encourages us to lift our eyes to anticipate that glorious day!
For once, stop thinking of yourself. This is what Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones encourages the listener to do as he outlines Romans 6:8-10. So often, Christians feel like they must continually die to their old self repeatedly. This means they have not fully grasped the immense truth that our old self was crucified with Christ and is gone! We no longer need to think of our struggles, downfalls, and constant failures. Paul is emphasizing once more that what happened to Christ has also happened to us! Thus, we are to live after God, not in a future sense but in a present sense. Sin once had dominion over Christ, because death is caused by sin. Christ died unto sin but he also resurrected, which means He conquered the dominion of sin. This act happened one time, once and forever. The Doctor shows us that this means we have full assurance in our salvation and the truth that our old self is gone. The resurrection proves that the law was satisfied and thus we are no longer under any reign of sin!
When Christ prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane and felt that anguish, it was because He knew that the crucifixion would cut Him off from the realm of God and He wanted to be spared of it. However, Christ came as a volunteer to earth and by His grace, Jesus also prayed that the Lord’s will would be done and He would be restored back to that realm of God. Christ died once unto sin and He is finished with sin once and for all. Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones outlines this in his sermon on Romans 6:10-11. Christ came out of glory only once, but He did so for our sake. Now that Paul has finished emphasizing this point, he moves on to how we can apply this truth to our lives. The Doctor notes that we have been told the truth about ourselves repeatedly up until this point, but now Paul wants us to reckon this truth unto ourselves. The Doctor then goes on to explain three principles that we must bear in mind about these truths. He also explains the meaning and application of the word “reckon.” Therefore, may we reckon these truths unto ourselves day by day and live in thankfulness to the God who conquered sin and death!
Do you fear death? Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones reminds us that those who are in Christ will never taste death and that is one of the most comforting truths as a Christian. Paul explains in Romans 6:11 that we can count yourselves dead to sin but alive in Christ. The Doctor points several key truths in this verse: our whole relationship to sin has changed, sin no longer has dominion over us even though we have contact with sin in our bodies, we are no longer under the law and it’s condemnation, and the dominion of death no longer remains. A Christian no longer sins as a slave, but sins voluntarily as a free man. Not even the devil himself can make a Christian a slave to sin and its consequences! We are indeed dead to sin realm, rule, and reign in our lives. Since sin is the reason for death, we will never truly experience death. The Doctor points out that Christians will only sleep until Christ returns and we get to live in the glory of the Lord forevermore.