The Covenant of Grace in the Old Testament
What is a covenant? Generally, it can be defined as an agreement, or a pact, that two parties enter into on the basis of prearranged conditions. What must it mean for us that God has entered into a covenant with man? Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones gives a brief survey of God’s covenants with man throughout history, highlighting God’s covenant of grace as revealed in the Old Testament. God has promised to be a God unto man, and this is significant because man has sinned against God, yet He has made a way for us to declare that He is ‘my God.’ We can know God through Jesus Christ, our mediator who came on the scene in the New Testament. Thus, the covenant of grace has been administered in two parts, the old and the new. Here, Dr. Lloyd-Jones focuses on the covenant of grace administered in the Old Testament. God’s covenant of works with Adam, God’s covenant of common grace with Noah, God’s covenant of justification by faith with Abraham, and God’s covenant of Law with His people at Sinai are all different yet intertwined. Ultimately, they all culminate in the person and work of Jesus Christ. If we look for the Gospel in the Old Testament, we will most certainly find it in what we know to be the covenant of grace.
About Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones
Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones (1899-1981) was a Welsh evangelical minister who preached and taught in the Reformed tradition. His principal ministry was at Westminster Chapel, in central London, from 1939-1968, where he delivered multi-year expositions on books of the bible such as Romans, Ephesians and the Gospel of John. In addition to the MLJ Trust’s collection of 1,600 of these sermons in audio format, most of these great sermon series are available in book form (including a 14 volume collection of the Romans sermons), as are other series such as "Spiritual Depression", "Studies in the Sermon on the Mount" and "Great Biblical Doctrines". He is considered by many evangelical leaders today to be an authority on biblical truth and the sufficiency of Scripture.